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Marijuana use and driving

A British Columbia study was recently conducted to determine the percentage of drivers who use marijuana before operating a motor vehicle. Drivers in Vancouver, Saanich, Abbotsford, Prince George and Kelowna were tested orally between the hours of 9pm and 3am. Of the nearly 3000 drivers who participated in the study, more than 200 tested positive for the presence of drugs in their system.

I don’t think people usually associate impaired driving with drug use. What more readily comes to mind is the use of alcohol and its effects on the ability to drive. But the Criminal Code provides that impairment can be either by alcohol or by a drug. With the potential for over 7% of drivers in British Columbia to be impaired by drug use, this raises some serious concerns.

Impaired driving in BC – When police decide to charge

I’m sure that many British Columbians have now heard about the traffic accident that took place in Kelowna, BC, resulting in injury to four individuals.

The driver of the vehicle has been arrested and charged with impaired driving causing bodily harm, dangerous operation of a motor vehicle causing harm, driving while over .08, driving while suspended and breach of undertaking. It is said that he was already prohibited from driving and from consuming alcohol by a court order at the time the accident took place. He is now facing some very serious allegations.

John Galliano suspended from Dior

Arrests for impaired driving are not the only consequences that can flow from alcohol. For John Galliano, whose blood alcohol level was reported to be 101mg in 100mL of blood at the time of his arrest, I’m sure he’s well aware of this fact.

He was recently arrested at a cafe in Le Marais after it was alleged that he got in an argument that culminated in his making a racial slur and attacking to fellow diners. First Mel Gibson, then Michael Richards, and now John Galliano. Dior, the fashion label for which Mr. Galliano designs, has suspended him pending the investigation.

Testimonials

We were very pleased to receive some kind letters from two of our recent clients after we successfully challenged their 90-day Immediate Roadside Prohibition from driving. I’d like to share their words with you:

Hi Paul,
“I want to thank you most sincerely for your incredible service.
Receiving an IRP was one of the low points of my adult life. Speaking to other attorneys in town was a demoralizing experience, and I didn’t have any faith that the substantial investment in their services would have much of a chance of yielding a positive outcome.
From the moment that I made contact with you, it was clear that I was dealing with a keen professional. You were the only person I spoke with that articulated a sensible plan of action, while being straightforward about your rates over the phone. What’s more, your prices were by far and away, the most reasonable of anyone I spoke with.
Your professionalism continued throughout the process, keeping me informed at every step along the way. The fact that you were able to secure a positive outcome for me indicates that I did indeed make the very best choice in you as an Attorney.
Your saving my driving record has restored my career and so much more than I can articulate in a brief note.
I owe you a deep debt of gratitude. ” J.M.
February 22, 2011

How far can a judge go in answering questions from a jury?

A recent Supreme Court of Canada decision, in the case of R. v. Miljevic, considers the question of whether or not a judge is required to provide specific examples of a crime, when the jury asks for them. This case is particularly interesting because the court was split. The majority judgment was written by Justice Cromwell, with Justices Abella, Charron and Rothstein concurring, while Fish wrote dissenting reasons in which Chief Justice McLachlin and Justice Deschamps concurred. A 3-4 split among judges can evolve and be applied in such a manner as to make the minority decision the majority, over time.

The facts of the case involve a man who is accused of second-degree murder, after he threw a heavy object into a crowd, causing someone’s death. At trial, he admitted he unlawfully killed someone, but contended that he was guilty of manslaughter, rather than second-degree murder. He was convicted, which conviction was upheld on appeal, and the case came to the Supreme Court of Canada.

Roadside breath tests and smoking

Breath tests and smoking

What about breath tests and smoking? When you are stopped at the roadside for an impaired driving investigation, the police will often ask you to blow into a roadside breath testing device. These are known in law as Approved Screening Devices (ASDs). But what happens if you just finished a cigarette and you are asked to blow?

The ASD is fallible. It cannot distinguish between mouth alcohol and alcohol in the body. It is the responsibility of the police to ensure that they are using the ASD properly and are not using it in circumstances where the results could be contaminated by the presence of mouth alcohol.

I have been asked by many clients about the impact that smoking can have on the reliability of the ASD result. Should we be concerned about breath tests and smoking?

The RCMP are told to delay using the ASD for a few minutes if they know a person has been smoking recently. It is said that blowing smoke into the device can damage the ASD and it will give inaccurate readings.

National police services

The RCMP is concerned that they can no longer fund the National Police Services. For those of you who don’t know, the NPS maintains not only the databases of fingerprints and criminal records for Canada, but also the Canadian Police Centre for Missing and Exploited Children and the nation’s sex offender registry.

It’s estimated that this year alone over $28 Million will be spent to maintain the database, which contains information about fingerprints, criminal records, missing children, and the sex offender registry. Federal funding has dropped by $20 Million since 2006. To make up the deficit in funding, the RCMP has been using monies from their budget surplus to maintain this program. However, a recent push for recruitment of RCMP staff and officers has resulted in an elimination of the surplus. 

Use of technology increases expectations in court

A judge in Michigan has conducted two studies to address the well-known CSI-effect. For those of you who are unfamiliar, the CSI-effect is the theory that jurors who have seen a great deal of television shows like CSI, Criminal Minds, and the like are more likely to expect sophisticated DNA and technological evidence to be presented in murder trials. This has been believed to have had devastating impacts on the administration of justice. It is believed that as jurors grow accustomed to technology that may not be available, or even exist, in certain cases, the potential for convictions and/or acquittals that are not...

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Excessive speeding and your license

excessive Speed Speeding Ticket

A man in Montreal has been given a speeding ticket and fines of $2,598 after he was clocked on radar at over 200km/hr. He is also being given 42 demerit points against his license. This is one of the most notable cases of excessive speed in Canadian history, but the insurance company in Quebec has not yet confirmed if this is the fastest. Given that Quebec Drivers’ Licenses are suspended at 15 demerit points, this gentleman should expect a driving prohibition between 3 and 12 months, depending on his driving record.

Policing in the province

Just one day after a Surrey teenager was killed by an RCMP cruiser, we learn that the Abbotsford Police are recommending a charge of assault causing bodily harm against thepolice officer who kicked a suspect in the face during an arrest.

Of course, we remember that the Abbotsford  police are themselves the target of an investigation into the use of excessive force, following a video that surfaced on popular social networking site, YouTube.